Atlas of pathology

Piglet diarrhoea

Where: digestive system

Differential diagnosis: Clostridium perfringensCoccidiosisColibacillosisRotavirus infection

This is a classic example of coccidiosis in pigs due to Isospora suis. It is the most common cause of scour in pigs beyond the second week of life.

If uncomplicated with secondary infection it is rarely fatal but can restrict weaning weights by up to 2.5 kg/pig at weaning. Whilst extensive sampling may find coccidial oocysts in affected herds the most reliable diagnosis is achieved by sacrifice of a newly affected pig with histopthological examination of small intestinal loops fixed in formal saline.

In uncontrolled disease both E coli and rotavirus can complicate primary coccidial infection.

Treatment of affected pigs is often unrewarding with pigs continuing to scour until they are weaned. Post weaning performance can be compromised by both the extensive gut damage and underweight pigs weaned.

The disease is a feature of poor farrowing accommodation hygiene; detergents followed by disinfection will help reduce risk but oocysts are resiliant and can survive despite cleaning.

Subclinical infection and inadequate control may be linked to post weaning failure to thrive due to maldigestion.

Mark white
Where

cardiovascular system

digestive system

intestines

liver

mouth

stomach

genitourinary system

bladder

female genitourinay tract

kidney

male genitourinay tract

mammary gland

lymphatic system

lymph nodes

spleen

thymus

tonsils

musculoskeletal system

nervous system

other

respiratory system

lungs

nasal cavity

skin and subcutaneous tissue

Disease

Diseases caused by bacteria

App

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Mycoplasma suis

Actinobacillosis

Anthrax

Atrophic Rhinitis

Bordetelosis

Brucellosis

Colibacillosis

Colitis

Edema disease

Enzootic Pneumonia (EP)

Erysipela

Exudative Epidermitis

Glässer disease

Ileitis

Leptospirosis

Mycoplasmal arthritis

Pasteurellosis

Salmonellosis

Streptococcal infections

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis

Yersinia infection

Diseases caused by virus

African swine fever

Aujeszky's disease

Blue eye disease

Classical Swine Fever

Encephalomyocarditis

Foot-and-mouth disease

Influenza

Japanese B Encephalitis

Nipah virus disease

Porcine circovirosis

Porcine cytomegalovirus infection

Porcine parvovirus infection

Porcine respiratory coronavirus infection

PRRS

Rotavirus infection

Diseases caused by parasites

Ascariasis

Coccidiosis

Mange

Metastrongylosis

Trichinellosis

Trichuriasis

Other

Epitheliogenesis imperfecta

Frostbite

Gastric ulcers

Hernias

Osteochondrosis

Other

Pityriasis rosea

Rectal prolapse

Shoulder ulcers

Sunburn

Thrombocytopaenic purpura

Torsion of the stomach and the intestines

Vice

Nutritional deficiencies

Biotin deficiency

Mulberry heart disease

Toxicoses

Aflatoxicosis

Ergotism

Zearalenone toxicosis