Atlas of pathology

Crushing

Where: other

Caused by: ViceOther

This piglet has died from the most common form of neonatal deaths, due to crushing or overlay underneath the abdomen or legs, as part of physical injury to the piglet by the sow. Crushing is suggested to account for around 50 % of all piglet deaths, usually in the first week of life. In farms that use open farrowing areas, without any form of sow restraint device, then piglet deaths due to crushing will be even higher. The widespread usage of metal crates or cradle devices that restrain the sow during farrowing and lactation, which were first adopted in the 1960’s, lead to a marked reduction in this form of piglet death. There are various factors for crushing cases, such as slippery floors in the lactation pens, which make it difficult for the sow to lie down or get up easily.  Also, if the sows are too fat, then they are less active and more likely to drop to the ground suddenly. The major disturbances caused when sows are fed may also lead to many excitable sows jumping up and down. Heating devices in lactation pens need to carefully managed, to prevent piglets staying too close to the sow.

Steven McOrist
Where

cardiovascular system

digestive system

intestines

liver

mouth

stomach

genitourinary system

bladder

female genitourinay tract

kidney

male genitourinay tract

mammary gland

lymphatic system

lymph nodes

spleen

thymus

tonsils

musculoskeletal system

nervous system

other

respiratory system

lungs

nasal cavity

skin and subcutaneous tissue

Disease

Diseases caused by bacteria

App

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Mycoplasma suis

Actinobacillosis

Anthrax

Atrophic Rhinitis

Bordetelosis

Brucellosis

Colibacillosis

Colitis

Edema disease

Enzootic Pneumonia (EP)

Erysipela

Exudative Epidermitis

Glässer disease

Ileitis

Leptospirosis

Mycoplasmal arthritis

Pasteurellosis

Salmonellosis

Streptococcal infections

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis

Yersinia infection

Diseases caused by virus

African swine fever

Aujeszky's disease

Blue eye disease

Classical Swine Fever

Encephalomyocarditis

Foot-and-mouth disease

Influenza

Japanese B Encephalitis

Nipah virus disease

Porcine circovirosis

Porcine cytomegalovirus infection

Porcine epidemic diarrhea

Porcine parvovirus infection

Porcine respiratory coronavirus infection

PRRS

Rotavirus infection

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Diseases caused by parasites

Ascariasis

Coccidiosis

Mange

Metastrongylosis

Trichinellosis

Trichuriasis

Other

Epitheliogenesis imperfecta

Frostbite

Gastric ulcers

Hernias

Osteochondrosis

Other

Pityriasis rosea

Prolapse of the vagina and cervix

Rectal prolapse

Rectal stricture

Shoulder ulcers

Splay leg

Sunburn

Thrombocytopaenic purpura

Torsion of the stomach and the intestines

Uterine Prolapse

Vice

Nutritional deficiencies

Biotin deficiency

Mulberry heart disease

Toxicoses

Aflatoxicosis

Ergotism

Fumonisin toxicosis

Zearalenone toxicosis