Atlas of pathology

Melena caused by Gastric Ulceration

Where: digestive system, intestines

Caused by: Clostridium perfringensGastric ulcersIleitisSwine dysenteryThrombocytopaenic purpuraTorsion of the stomach and the intestinesHemorrhagic bowel syndrome

Melena refers to the dark black, tarry faeces that are associated with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The black colour and characteristic strong odour are caused by haemoglobin in the blood being altered by digestive enzymes and intestinal bacteria.

The most common cause is gastric ulceration, as in this case. However, any bleeding within the upper gastrointestinal tract or the ascending colon can lead to melena. Melena may also be caused by eating anticoagulants used for vermin control, such as warfarin. Iron supplements may cause a grayish-black stool that should be distinguished from melena, as should black colouring caused by foods such as beetroot, black liquorice, or blueberries.

Jesús Borobia
Where

cardiovascular system

digestive system

intestines

liver

mouth

stomach

genitourinary system

bladder

female genitourinay tract

kidney

male genitourinay tract

mammary gland

lymphatic system

lymph nodes

spleen

thymus

tonsils

musculoskeletal system

nervous system

other

respiratory system

lungs

nasal cavity

skin and subcutaneous tissue

Disease

Diseases caused by bacteria

App

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Mycoplasma suis

Actinobacillosis

Anthrax

Atrophic Rhinitis

Bordetelosis

Brucellosis

Colibacillosis

Colitis

Edema disease

Enzootic Pneumonia (EP)

Erysipela

Exudative Epidermitis

Glässer disease

Ileitis

Leptospirosis

Mycoplasma arthritis

Pasteurellosis

Salmonellosis

Streptococcal infections

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis

Yersinia infection

Diseases caused by virus

African swine fever

Aujeszky's disease

Blue eye disease

Classical Swine Fever

Encephalomyocarditis

Foot-and-mouth disease

Influenza

Japanese B Encephalitis

Nipah virus disease

Porcine circovirosis

Porcine cytomegalovirus infection

Porcine epidemic diarrhea

Porcine parvovirus infection

Porcine respiratory coronavirus infection

PRRS

Rotavirus infection

Swine pox

Swine vesicular disease

Teschen disease

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Diseases caused by parasites

Ascariasis

Coccidiosis

Mange

Metastrongylosis

Trichinellosis

Trichuriasis

Nutritional deficiencies

Biotin deficiency

Iron deficiency anemia

Mulberry heart disease

Osteoporosis, ricketts, Vit D deficiency

Toxicoses

Aflatoxicosis

Ergotism

Fumonisin toxicosis

Salt poisoning

Zearalenone toxicosis

Other

Atresia ani

Congenital Tremor

Epitheliogenesis imperfecta

Frostbite

Gastric ulcers

Hemorrhagic bowel syndrome

Hernias

Osteochondrosis

Other

Pityriasis rosea

Porcine stress syndrome

Prolapse of the vagina and cervix

Rectal prolapse

Rectal stricture

Shoulder ulcers

Splay leg

Sunburn

Thrombocytopaenic purpura

Torsion of the stomach and the intestines

Uterine Prolapse

Vice