Atlas of pathology

Chronic lung lesions

Where: respiratory system, lungs

Differential diagnosis: AppPasteurellosis

The incised lesion shown is typical of a long standing infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) infection in the diaphragmatic lobes of the lung. Pleural tags will be evident above the lesion.10% prevalence in weekly batches suggests enzootic disease within the herd and it is likely that it will be acting to limit performance and be part of a wider respiratory picture. Pleurisy levels at slaughter will also tend to be high with implications for trimming and carcass rejection.

Pasturella and Trueperella are both capable of producing abscessation in lungs but are typically secondary pathogens causing wet abcesses with lower prevalence. They are not typically associated with overlying localised pleurisy.

These dry lesions can surprisingly often yield cultures of App confirming the diagnosis.

Control of such disease at a herd level is best achieved by vaccination of young growing pigs either with a polyvalent commercial vaccine or using an autogenous vaccine derived from one or more isolates from the affected pigs.

Long term use of antibiotics to control chronic App infection on farm is no longer regarded as an acceptable option.

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Where

cardiovascular system

digestive system

intestines

liver

mouth

stomach

genitourinary system

bladder

female genitourinay tract

kidney

male genitourinay tract

mammary gland

lymphatic system

lymph nodes

spleen

thymus

tonsils

musculoskeletal system

nervous system

other

respiratory system

lungs

nasal cavity

skin and subcutaneous tissue

Disease

Diseases caused by bacteria

App

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Mycoplasma suis

Actinobacillosis

Anthrax

Atrophic Rhinitis

Bordetelosis

Brucellosis

Colibacillosis

Colitis

Edema disease

Enzootic Pneumonia (EP)

Erysipela

Exudative Epidermitis

Glässer disease

Ileitis

Leptospirosis

Mycoplasmal arthritis

Pasteurellosis

Salmonellosis

Streptococcal infections

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis

Yersinia infection

Diseases caused by virus

African swine fever

Aujeszky's disease

Blue eye disease

Classical Swine Fever

Encephalomyocarditis

Foot-and-mouth disease

Influenza

Japanese B Encephalitis

Nipah virus disease

Porcine circovirosis

Porcine cytomegalovirus infection

Porcine parvovirus infection

Porcine respiratory coronavirus infection

PRRS

Rotavirus infection

Diseases caused by parasites

Ascariasis

Coccidiosis

Mange

Metastrongylosis

Trichinellosis

Trichuriasis

Other

Epitheliogenesis imperfecta

Frostbite

Gastric ulcers

Hernias

Osteochondrosis

Other

Pityriasis rosea

Rectal prolapse

Shoulder ulcers

Sunburn

Thrombocytopaenic purpura

Torsion of the stomach and the intestines

Vice

Nutritional deficiencies

Biotin deficiency

Mulberry heart disease

Toxicoses

Aflatoxicosis

Ergotism

Zearalenone toxicosis