Atlas of pathology

Rhinitis with atrophy

Where: respiratory system, nasal cavity

Caused by: BordetelosisPasteurellosis

Observing a transversal cut of the nose, ventral turbinates are moderately and asimetrically reduced in size with a change of the normal features. Lesions are consistant with atrophic rhinitis and different severity could be evident with nasal deviation and asymmetric distortion of the surrounding bone structure, softening of the nasal septum and possible discharges due to secondary infection.

The primary pathologic mechanism is consistent with progressive atrophic rhinitis (PAR), a condition where toxin producing strains of the bacterium Pasteurella multocida (type D), cause progressive inflammation and atrophy of the tissues and nose distortion. PAR could be a serious condition both in weaned and growing pigs where specific control programmes are not implemented. A semi-quantitative scoring system (0-5) could quantify the amount and distribution of the pathological changes.

The pig was one of three from a herd (site 1 and 2)  where specific vaccination program was implemented. No pigs demonstrated external noticeable deformities.

Dr. Michele Drigo and Dr. Sandro Mazzariol - University of Padova
Where

cardiovascular system

digestive system

intestines

liver

mouth

stomach

genitourinary system

bladder

female genitourinay tract

kidney

male genitourinay tract

mammary gland

lymphatic system

lymph nodes

spleen

thymus

tonsils

musculoskeletal system

nervous system

other

respiratory system

lungs

nasal cavity

skin and subcutaneous tissue

Disease

Diseases caused by bacteria

App

Clostridium novyi

Clostridium perfringens

Mycoplasma suis

Actinobacillosis

Anthrax

Atrophic Rhinitis

Bordetelosis

Brucellosis

Colibacillosis

Colitis

Edema disease

Enzootic Pneumonia (EP)

Erysipela

Exudative Epidermitis

Glässer disease

Ileitis

Leptospirosis

Mycoplasmal arthritis

Pasteurellosis

Salmonellosis

Streptococcal infections

Swine dysentery

Tuberculosis

Yersinia infection

Diseases caused by virus

African swine fever

Aujeszky's disease

Blue eye disease

Classical Swine Fever

Encephalomyocarditis

Foot-and-mouth disease

Influenza

Japanese B Encephalitis

Nipah virus disease

Porcine circovirosis

Porcine cytomegalovirus infection

Porcine epidemic diarrhea

Porcine parvovirus infection

Porcine respiratory coronavirus infection

PRRS

Rotavirus infection

Transmissible gastroenteritis

Diseases caused by parasites

Ascariasis

Coccidiosis

Mange

Metastrongylosis

Trichinellosis

Trichuriasis

Other

Epitheliogenesis imperfecta

Frostbite

Gastric ulcers

Hernias

Osteochondrosis

Other

Pityriasis rosea

Prolapse of the vagina and cervix

Rectal prolapse

Rectal stricture

Shoulder ulcers

Splay leg

Sunburn

Thrombocytopaenic purpura

Torsion of the stomach and the intestines

Uterine Prolapse

Vice

Nutritional deficiencies

Biotin deficiency

Mulberry heart disease

Toxicoses

Aflatoxicosis

Ergotism

Fumonisin toxicosis

Zearalenone toxicosis