When we must treat many animals (e.g. when blanket vaccinations or antiparasitic treatments must be administered), injections must be fast.
Total forecasted average profitability for the year has eroded some, from about $25/head to around $12/head in the US.
Vitamin D3 plays a central role in the immune response of swine . 25-OH D3 may be a more efficient source to improve vitamin D status of pigs than cholecalciferol.
Percentage of prolapsed sows has consistently increased every year, from 4.8 in 2012 to 10.2% in 2016.
Gilt acclimation was performed in 78% surveyed European farms; vaccination, alone or combined with natural exposure to infected animals, was the main used strategy.
It is very important to analyze new PRRSV sequences against a broad reference set representing the farm, the system and the region, as well as the sequences of available commercial vaccines (this will make it possible to differentiate between field and vaccine strains).
It is very likely that the swine nutrition industry will be shaped in the near future by the study of the microbiome.
The structural deficit of pigs in Germany and the latent ASF threat have caused an important increase in prices that has dragged all the European markets.
Increasing feed intake in late gestation improves very little body weight gain of gilts and sows and increases stillborn rate.
The average piglet birth weight from the 3 groups of vaccinated sows was statistically higher than that from the unvaccinated sows.