Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, serum virus neutralization test, haemoagglutination test, and immunoperoxidase monolayer assay are explained.
The disease has been detected in the northeast of the country.
The authors share their experience on tail biting risk factors identification as well as the production of non-docked pigs.
Feeding, biosecurity and concomitant diseases as factors involved in the perpetuation of Salmonella in the farm.
The average mortality increased by 2.5% due to the animals that presented with myelitis and ascending infections along the spine. Find out how the problem could be solved without returning to tail docking.