Intestinal integrity is just as relevant as vaccination protocols in inducing adequate immunity to environmental challenges.
Vitamin D3 plays a central role in the immune response of swine . 25-OH D3 may be a more efficient source to improve vitamin D status of pigs than cholecalciferol.
Percentage of prolapsed sows has consistently increased every year, from 4.8 in 2012 to 10.2% in 2016.
Gilt acclimation was performed in 78% surveyed European farms; vaccination, alone or combined with natural exposure to infected animals, was the main used strategy.
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It is very important to analyze new PRRSV sequences against a broad reference set representing the farm, the system and the region, as well as the sequences of available commercial vaccines (this will make it possible to differentiate between field and vaccine strains).
The average piglet birth weight from the 3 groups of vaccinated sows was statistically higher than that from the unvaccinated sows.
Three factors must be taken into account when defining the viability of the elimination of M. hyopneumoniae on each farm: negative replacements, cost and return on investment, and risk of re-infection.
The diseases shared by livestock and wildlife involve many players: mainly farmers, but also hunters and different public administrations.