Foot and mouth disease virus was detected on a private farm (240 cattle heads, 10 pigs and 47 sheep/goats) in the village of Usachevka in a remote south-east corner of the country. The outbreak affected 7 cows from 240 cattle heads and 22 small ruminants. The source of the outbreak is currently unknown. The village of Usachevka is located at 45 km from the border between Russia and China. Primorsky kray is part of the buffer zone where cattle and small livestock are vaccinated against foot and mouth disease on an annual basis. All necessary measures to curb the outbreak and prevent the spread of the disease are being taken.
According to nucleotide sequencing followed by phylogenetic analysis, the isolate belongs to type O PanAsia genetic lineage and is genetically close to the isolates involved in the FMD outbreaks in China and Eastern Kazakhstan in 2011.
Tueday March 6, 2012/ OIE.