The health situation in relation to FMD in the countries of North Africa puts Spain, in the first instance, and the European Union straight after, in a position of imminent risk of disease transmission.
The recent report of FMD in Morocco brings the disease even closer to Spain, which has led to the publication of Order AAA/2444/2015, establishing the implementation of emergency preventive measures against FMD in the Maghreb.
While the import of porcine, bovine, ovine and caprine farm animals from Algeria, Libya, Tunisia and Morocco is not allowed by the European Union legislation, other possible routes of disease transmission must be considered and preventive measures established.
The Order prohibits the entry into national territory, including Ceuta and Melilla, of live swine, bovine, ovine and caprine animals, as well as animal products and products of animal origin, including straw and hay, with the exception of fishery and aquaculture products from Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia. Entry to the rest of the national territory of hay, straw and live swine, bovine, ovine and caprine animals from Ceuta and Melilla is also prohibited, as well as that of animals products and products of animal origin, except for the reimportation of fishery and aquaculture products.
As regards road transport vehicles, only road vehicles transporting livestock from countries with health restrictions for the entry of live animals in the European Union will be allowed into national territory, through ports or points of entry equipped with facilities, personnel, material and devices suitable for the disinfection of the vehicles. All vehicles transporting livestock by road from the above countries, as well as equipment which have been in contact with animals, clothing and protective boots used during loading or unloading, must have been previously cleaned and disinfected before their arrival into the national territory. Furthermore, such vehicles must be disinfected again at the port of arrival in the country, when carrying or having carried live animals —except the ones used in aquaculture—, animal feed —defined as any product intended for feeding animals, but not including feed for aquaculture species—, and straw or hay.
Thursday, November 19, 2015 / BOE / Spain.