The National Plan against Antibiotic Resistances (PRAN) 2019-2021 was approved during the Agriculture and Rural Development Sectorial Speech. It will give continuity to the tasks developed in 2014-18, implementing a “One Health” perspective, with the aim of reducing the increase in antibiotic resistances and their impact on health.
Two strategies are considered: reducing antibiotic consumption and reducing the need for the use of these treatments in human and veterinary medicine. The methodology of the PRAN 2019-2021 will keep the six current strategic lines (surveillance, control, prevention, research, training and communication) as well as the work groups system.
The most relevant actions in the new PRAN in the animal health area will include an improvement in the surveillance of veterinary antibiotics consumption through the ESVAC Project, the improvement of the surveillance of resistances (zoonotic and commensal bacteria, and clinical pathogens) and the expansion of the REDUCE Programs for the cautious use of antibiotics in different farming sectors. We must also highlight the implementation of the national system for the collection of veterinary antibiotic prescriptions data (PRESVET) since January 1st, 2019, that will allow to have real data on the consumption of antibiotics by farm and species.
In the veterinary area, antibiotic consumption has dropped by some 14% between 2014 and 2016, with a very important role of the REDUCE Programs in this drop. In pig farming, 55 companies that entail 80% of the sector have joined this program, and they have already recorded a decrease by 85.5% in the total consumption of colistin, that is a critically important antibiotic in human health.
Monday, March 4th, 2019/ National Plan Antibiotic Resistances/ Spain/ http://www.resistenciaantibioticos.es
Tuesday, Tuesday, March 12th, 2019/ MAPA/ Spain/ https://www.mapa.gob.es