With Implementing Regulation EU 483/2014 of 8 May 2014, the European Commission has established protection measures in relation to porcine diarrhoea caused by a deltacoronavirus as regards the animal health requirements for the introduction into the Union of spray dried blood and blood plasma of porcine origin intended for the production of feed for farmed porcine animals.
Porcine diarrhoea caused by a deltacoronavirus occurs in Asia and North America. This virus has never been detected in the Union. Spray dried blood and blood plasma of porcine animals is a traditional ingredient for feed for piglets. Inappropriate heat treatment or contamination after heat treatment may lead to the spread of the virus with such products.
Therefore it is necessary to review the requirements for the import of spray dried blood and blood plasma of porcine animals intended for the production of feed for farmed porcine animals. Scientific observation indicates that porcine coronaviruses are inactivated in swine faeces if heated to and held at a temperature of 71 °C for 10 minutes or left at room temperature of 20 °C for 7 days. The virus did not survive in experimentally infected dry feed stored at a temperature of 24 °C for more than 2 weeks. In third countries the commonly applied temperature for spray drying of blood and blood plasma is 80 °C throughout the substance.
The introduction of those products into Union should be accompanied by a health certificate in accordance with the model set out in the Annex to this Regulation. The provisional safeguard measures should apply from the day following the publication of this Regulation and last for a period of 12 months.
Tuesday May 13, 2014/ OJEU/ European Union.