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Effect of lactation length on piglet performance until slaughter

Results show the importance of lactation length on piglets’ BW variability. Weaning at 25.5 d, equivalent to 7 kg BW, optimizes slaughtering pig performance.

Tuesday 6 August 2019 (2 months 14 days ago)
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Since weaning in commercial conditions is usually done on a fixed day for all sows belonging to the same parturition batch, litters have differences in days of lactation, depending on the farrowing date. Days of lactation affect the piglet's weaning body weight (BW), and it is hypothesized that it may also affect the slaughtering BW. The objective of this study is to observe the effect of the lactation length of sows belonging to the same batch on the subsequent performance of piglets at weaning and at 165 days of age. A total of 796 male and female crossbreed piglets [Pietrain x (Landrace x Large White)] from 92 sows (parities ranging from 1 to 7) were used and individually weighed from birth to slaughter. Weight data for each pig were adjusted and the BW at day 165 of age was estimated for each pig and corrected for the age effect among pigs. Birth body weight (BBW) was added as a covariate and lactation length as a factor.

The effect of days of lactation was found to be significant at weaning and at the end of the cycle. Results (kg of BW) for weaning were 4.7a, 5.3b, 5.6c, 6.0c, and 7.2d kg, and for 165 d of age they were 92.3a, 96.4b, 98.0bc, 102.9d, and 101.7cd kg for 18, 19–20, 21–22, 23–24, and > 25 days of lactation, respectively. The consequence was that a difference of 2.4 kg at weaning increased to 9.4 kg at day 165. Increasing the length of lactation from 18 days to more than 25 days caused a significant linear BW increase at weaning and a quadratic response at 165 days of life.

It is concluded that piglets coming from sows that farrow earlier in a batch increase the days of lactation and produce heavier pigs at 165 days of age; consequently, shortening the farrowing period within a batch, without necessarily using artificial farrow synchronization, could help to reduce the differences in BW at the end of the cycle, and may help producers to increase farm efficiency.

S.López-Vergé, J.Gasa, J.Coma, J.Bonet, D.Solà-Oriol. Effect of lactation length caused by the management production system on piglet performance until slaughter. Livestock Science. Volume 224, June 2019, Pages 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.livsci.2019.04.003

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