Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium isolates associated with septicemia in swine

Salmonella Typhimurium strains associated with septicemia belong to various genetic lineages that can also be recovered from asymptomatic animals at the time of slaughter.
Friday 9 April 2010 (8 years 17 days ago)
Salmonella Typhimurium is frequently isolated from pigs and may also cause enteric disease in humans. In this study, 33 isolates of S. Typhimurium associated with septicemia in swine (CS) were compared to 33 isolates recovered from healthy animals at slaughter (WCS). The isolates were characterized using phenotyping and genotyping methods. For each isolate, the phage type, antimicrobial resistance, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) DNA profiles were determined.


In addition, the protein profiles of each isolate grown in different conditions were studied by Coomassie Blue-stained sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblot. Various phage types were identified. The phage type PT 104 represented 36.4% of all isolates from septicemic pigs. Resistance to as many as 12 antimicrobial agents, including some natural resistances, was found in isolates from CS and WCS. Many genetic profiles were identified among the PT 104 phage types.

Although it was not possible to associate one particular protein with septicemic isolates, several highly immunogenic proteins, present in all virulent isolates and in most isolates from clinically healthy animals, were identified. These results indicated that strains associated with septicemia belong to various genetic lineages that can also be recovered from asymptomatic animals at the time of slaughter.

N. Bergeron, J. Corriveau, A. Letellier, F. Daigle, S. Quessy. Characterization of Salmonella Typhimurium isolates associated with septicemia in swine. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research. January 2010.

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