According to the FMD World Reference Laboratory, these were sequenced as FMD O ME-SA Pan AsiaANT10 , Pan AsiaSAN-09 and Pan AsiaFAR-09 isolates with close relationship to isolates from Pakistan and Iran and with good coverage offered by the O Manisa vaccine (WRLFMD, 2011).
The exact reason for the high increase in outbreaks in Turkey in 2010 is unknown. Vaccination was being carried out so it could be that the vaccine is not working, due to either poor vaccine usage or poor vaccine efficacy in the small ruminant population leading to a decrease in herd immunity and consequent increase in susceptibility (WRLFMD, Pers. Comm.). However, to date there have been no reports of disease on the European (Thrace) side of Turkey.