The state of foot-and-mouth disease in the north of Africa worsens with the notification of the first outbreak in Algeria (where the last outbreak had been notified in 1999). Tunisia officially notified to the OIE the first outbreak on April 2014, and by then this disease had disseminated through the majority of the country.
The first foot-and-mouth disease (FAMD) outbreak in Tunisia was notified to the OIE on 28 April 2014. The serotype involved was serotype O (the last outbreak caused by this serotype was notified in 1999). In Tunisia, serotypes A (last time in 1992) and C (last time in 1969) have also been notified. The most possible origin of the entrance of the disease is an illegal movement of animals that came from Libya. Since April, the disease has spread quickly through the majority of Tunisia, and the total number of outbreaks notified to the OIE up to 2 July 2013 has been 103, all of them pertaining to the serotype O.
In Algeria, last 27 July the first FAMD was notified since 1999. The disease has been detected in a cattle farm in the region of El Ouldja, Bir El Arch, Setif, with a census of 14 animals in which clinical signs compatible with the disease were detected in 4 of them. Everything points towards the fact that the illegal movement of animals may have been the cause for the entering of the disease.
Thursday July 31, 2014/ RASVE-MAGRAMA/ Spain.