African Swine Fever
Starting in 2010, OIE (World Organization for Animal Health) considered the disease as endemic to Russia, which means the disease continually exists within the territory. Veterinarians registered 32 outbreaks in the first half of 2010 and 31 outbreaks during only two months of the second half of 2010. This has negatively impacted primarily the South Federal Okrug and Northern Caucasus Okrug. The epizootic forecast for Voronezh, Saratov, Tambov and Belgorod oblasts is also negative.
Classical Swine Fever
According to the CVO, the situation of CSF has only worsened from the outbreak in 2004. Veterinarians registered 10 unfavorable locations in the territory of the Russian Federation in the first quarter of 2010 and the numbers of outbreaks continued to grow in the second quarter of the year, including domestic swine in Voronezh oblast and wild boars in Saratov, Voronezh, and Volgograd oblast. The epidemiological threshold of CSF is expanding, indicating a higher risk of the infection spreading among small pig farms and private breeders in the center of European Russia.
The Russian veterinary service recognizes the country as free of FMD. However, there were two cases of FMD nearby the borders in Chita (Zabaikalskiy Kray) on July 5 and August 26, 2010, resulting in 196 sick cattle and 34 pigs.