the official Delegates of the 176 OIE Member Countries re-elected Dr Bernard Vallat in the first round to the head of the Organisation for the next five years. The election was held with secret ballot using the rule “one country, one vote”. This is Dr Vallat’s third mandate as Director General of the OIE. During the past 10 years, Dr Vallat led OIE actions in several new issues such as animal welfare, animal production food safety and the strengthening of the veterinary services. He also gave the OIE a major role to play in the international management of sanitary crisis such as H5N1 avian influenza and the recent H1N1 pandemic 2009 crisis.