Since 2007, Russia has been reporting numerous outbreaks of African swine fever in pigs and wild boars throughout the country. In January 2011 an outbreak of African swine fever was reported close to the Union border, in the region of Saint Petersburg. The presence of that disease close to the Union border constitutes a serious risk to the livestock population in the Union.
Import of pigs and pig meat products is not permitted from Russia, however the virus causing the disease persists also in a contaminated environment outside the host animal and can be introduced into the Union with vehicles which have transported pigs. It is therefore necessary to adopt certain protection measures at Union level taking into account the risk of the spread of the disease, virus survival in the environment and potential routes of its transmission. In particular, it is necessary to ensure that vehicles which have transported pigs and which enter the Union from Russia are appropriately cleansed and disinfected. The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee of the Food Chain and Animal Health,
HAS ADOPTED THIS DECISION:
For the purposes of this Decision, ‘livestock vehicle’ means any vehicle being used or which has been used for the transport of pigs.
Member States shall ensure that the operator or driver of a livestock vehicle on arrival from Russia at the point of entry into the territory of the Union provides information to the competent authority of the Member State showing that the vehicle has been cleansed and disinfected after the last unloading of pigs.
That information may be presented in the form of a declaration as set out in Annex I or in another equivalent form. If the information is presented in another form, it shall cover the items set out in that Annex. The original of the declaration shall be kept by the competent authority and its copy by the operator/driver of the livestock vehicle.
The competent authority of the Member State of the point of entry into the Union shall check livestock vehicles entering the territory of the Union from Russia, in order to determine whether they have been satisfactorily cleansed and disinfected.
If cleansing and disinfection have been satisfactorily carried out, the competent authority shall issue a certificate in accordance with the model set out in Annex II. The original of the certificate shall be kept by the operator/driver of the livestock vehicle and its copy should be kept by the competent authority.
If cleansing and disinfection have not been satisfactorily carried out, the competent authority may:
(a) refuse the entry into the territory of the Union of the livestock vehicle; or
(b) subject the livestock vehicle to proper cleansing and disinfection at a place designated by the competent authority, as close as possible to the point of entry into the territory of the Union in the Member State concerned.