Regulation (EU) 2016/429 lays down rules for the prevention and control of animal diseases which are transmissible to animals or to humans, including rules for the prioritisation and categorisation of diseases of Union concern.
Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2016/429 provides that disease-specific rules for the prevention and control of diseases apply to the diseases listed in that Article and in Annex II to that Regulation.
The Commission systematically assessed the animal diseases which require Union intervention with the assistance of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), drawing on the scientific expertise provided by the EU Animal Health Reference Laboratories and the international standards of the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE).
The results of the scientific assessments carried out showed that swine vesicular disease, vesicular stomatitis, epizootic ulcerative syndrome and Teschen disease do not fulfil the requirements laid down in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2016/429*. Therefore, those diseases should be removed from the list set out in Annex II to that Regulation.
At the same time, surra (Trypanosoma evansi), Ebola virus disease, paratuberculosis, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile fever, Q fever, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis/infectious pustular vulvovaginitis, bovine viral diarrhoea, bovine genital campylobacteriosis, trichomonosis, enzootic bovine leukosis, contagious caprine pleuropneumonia, ovine epididymitis (Brucella ovis), infection with Burkholderia mallei (Glanders), infection with equine arteritis virus, equine infectious anaemia, dourine, contagious equine metritis, equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern and Western), infection with Aujeszky's disease virus, infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus, avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. meleagridis), infection with low pathogenic avian influenza viruses, avian chlamydiosis, infestation with Varroa spp. (Varroosis) infestation with Aethina tumida (Small hive beetle), American foulbrood, infestation with Tropilaelaps spp and infection with Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans do fulfil the requirements laid down in Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2016/429. Therefore those diseases should be included in the list set out in Annex II to that Regulation.
*Article 5, paragraph 3, of Regulation (EU) 2016/429
A disease shall be included on the list referred to in point (b) of paragraph 1 of this Article if it has been assessed in accordance with Article 7 and it meets:
(a) all of the following criteria:
(i) scientific evidence indicates that the disease is transmissible;
(ii) animal species are either susceptible to the disease or vectors and reservoirs thereof exist in the Union;
(iii) the disease causes negative effects on animal health or poses a risk to public health due to its zoonotic character;
(iv) diagnostic tools are available for the disease; and
(v) risk-mitigating measures and, where relevant, surveillance of the disease are effective and proportionate to the risks posed by the disease in the Union; and
(b) at least one of the following criteria:
(i) the disease causes or could cause significant negative effects in the Union on animal health, or poses or could pose a significant risk to public health due to its zoonotic character;
(ii) the disease agent has developed resistance to treatments which poses a significant danger to public and/or animal health in the Union;
(iii) the disease causes or could cause a significant negative economic impact affecting agriculture or aquaculture production in the Union;
(iv) the disease has the potential to generate a crisis or the disease agent could be used for the purpose of bioterrorism; or
(v) the disease has or could have a significant negative impact on the environment, including biodiversity, of the Union.
Wednesday October 31, 2018/ OJEU/ European Union.