The year 2012 was characterised by a decline in beef and pigmeat production (−8.9% and −8.8%, respectively), by increased poultry meat production (+2.7%), milk delivery (+3.4%), and by a growth in agricultural producer prices of animals for slaughter for cattle (+10.0%), pigs (+17.0%), and poultry (+4.4%). Milk prices, on the contrary, decreased (−5.9%).
The pigmeat production decreased to 239 753 tonnes (−8.8%) in 2012. Agricultural producer prices of pigs for slaughter grew by 17.0%. The producers sold pigs for slaughter in S, E and U quality classes for CZK 33.26 per kg of live weight or CZK 42.78 per kg of carcass weight on average (minimum CZK 39.83 per kg in February, maximum CZK 46.40 per kg in October). A deficit of external trade in live pigs in the period from December 2011 to November 2012 was 9 035 tonnes. Imports and exports of live pigs amounted to 29 883 tonnes (+30.7%) and 20 848 tonnes (−11.3%), respectively. Young pigs up to 50 kg (mainly piglets with average weight 25.6 kg) as well as pigs above 50 kg (predominantly pigs for slaughter with average weight 106.2 kg) contributed to increased imports. Imports accounted for 522.8 thousand piglets (+6.9%) and 16 346 tonnes of pigs for slaughter (+63.0%). Exports of fattened pigs decreased by 11.2% (to 19 423 tonnes), while exports of piglets grew three times (to 33.6 thousand heads). Piglets were imported from Denmark, Germany, and the Netherlands; pigs for slaughter were exported to Hungary and Slovakia. The negative balance of external trade in pigmeat (−187 589 tonnes) comprised 225 444 tonnes (+5.1%) of imported and 37 856 tonnes (−4.3%) of exported pigmeat. Germany and Slovakia held outstanding positions in pigmeat exports and imports, respectively.
Wednesday January 30, 2013/ CZSO/ Czech Republic.