We present a summary of the African Swine Fever (ASF) outbreaks that have been notified by the European Union countries to the OIE in 2014: 56 in wild boar, 33 in backyard farms and 2 in comercial farms.
Lithuania: Of the 8 notified outbreaks, 3 of them affect wild boars and 4 of them backyard pig farms. The one that is most worth mentioning has happened on a farm with some 20,000 pigs located in the village of Rupinskai, in the region of Utena
|Vilnius, Alytus, Utena||Wild boars||3||3||-|
|Utena||Domestic pigs – backyard farms||4||5||7|
Domestic pigs – commercial farms
Poland: All the notified outbreaks except two involve wild boars, and all of them are located in the borderline with Belarus, in the region of Podlaskie. The outbreaks in domestic pigs have affected two backyard farms in that same area.
|Podlaskie||Domestic pigs – backyard farms||2||6||9|
Latvia: All the outbreaks have been notified in the last 3 months. The affected animals are wild boars or domestic pigs on backyard farms, except a commercial farm with some 200 heads. Although a great part of the outbreaks have been reported near the frontier with Belarus, some of them are located in other areas of Poland, as we can see on the map.
|Dagdas, Daugavpils, Ludzas, Valkas, Kraslavas, Madonas, Rezeknes||Wild boars||39||55||-|
|Kraslavas, Dagdas, Valkas||Domestic pigs – backyard farms||27||51||256|
|Kraslavas||Domestic pigs – commercial farms||1||9||196|
Apart from the previously mentioned countries, the other European countries that have reported ASF outbreaks in 2014 are Russia and Ukraine. In the European Union, this disease is also present in the Italian island of Sardinia.