Captive bolt humane stunners do not kill larger growing pigs or adults, they render the pig unconscious. Further action is needed to ensure the pig is dead.
Mark EC White
Pig consultant. United Kingdom
The author is a pig specialist veterinary surgeon who spent more than 30 years, following graduation from the University of Bristol, as a Partner in a large mixed practice in Yorkshire. Since retiring from the Practice in 2013 he has worked as an independent veterinary consultant to the pig industry.
Over the years he has provided advice to pig farmers around the world with emphasis on pig health maintenance and restoration, welfare and productivity. Training of both stock people and young veterinarians has formed an important part of the job. He has written extensively on clinical and practical pig matters for both veterinary and farming audiences.
He is a Past President of the Pig Veterinary Society and currently serves on its medicines sub-committee and is a member of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons Advanced Practitioner Panel
He was a co- organiser of the highly successful 1998 IPVS Congress in Birmingham UK and chaired the organising committee of the 5th ESPHM 2013 Edinburgh.
He is a current member of the UK Government’s Farm Animal Welfare Committee.
In 2005 he completed a Bachelor of Laws degree studying part-time at the University of Hull and undertakes expert witness work in both criminal and civil cases that relate to pig medicine and pig keeping.
He has been married for 32 years, has 2 adult sons and now lives in rural Herefordshire.
Updated CV 25-Aug-2014
This case study describes an outbreak in a commercial unit which proved difficult to stop without vaccine. Since 2014 an increasing number of cases of this disease have been reported in Europe though it remains unclear why it has reappeared.
It has not proved possible to actively eliminate App from chronically affected permanently occupied breeder-feeder herds.
This paper describes the acute outbreak of App within a pig population and how control may be achieved.
At least 25% of the pigs from 2 to 3 weeks old were reported to be lame, some so severe that they lay in the arcs shaking and unable to stand.
This clinical case study tracks the long term pattern and control of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (App) disease in a breeder feeder farm through the 1990’s.