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Dietary fibre affects nitrogen retention and fibre associated threonine losses in growing pigs

Fibre source as well as its concentration may promote threonine losses in growing pigs.

Thursday 13 December 2012 (5 years 4 months 13 days ago)

Apart from being an energy source, dietary fibre is also discussed to act as antinutritional factor reducing apparent pre-caecal protein and amino acid (AA) digestibility due to reduced absorption or increased endogenous secretion or both. However, the amounts of protein and AA of endogenous origin determined at the terminal ileumin cannulated animals do not represent the total losses associated with endogenous secretion. A high proportion of secreted protein is reabsorbed and does not reach the terminal ileum, and losses occur during synthesis of endogenous protein. Therefore, the present study used an alternative indirect approach, taking the reduction of nitrogen (N) retention in a threonine (Thr) limited diet as a sensitive indicator for fibre-associated Thr losses.

Two experiments were conducted with 12 castrated male pigs each between 37 and 75 kg body weight to measure the effect of the intake of Thr and 150 and 300 g/d fibre from wheat bran (Exp. 1), or 150 g/d fibre from rape seed, cassava leaves, and cassava root peels, respectively (Exp. 2), on N retention. During two (Exp. 1) and three (Exp. 2) balance periods the animals were subjected to the dietary treatments according to a cross-over design. All animals received 1350 g/d of a wheat–soybean-based diet supplemented with free AA to ensure Thr being the first-limiting AA. To determine the effect of Thr on N retention, intake of the basal diet was reduced to 1150 g/d and supplemented with corn starch to reach equal energy intake and an unchanged AA pattern. With increasing BW additional starch was added to all diets to ensure a constant energy intake of 1.25 MJ ME/kg BW0.75. Since the fibre sources contained small amounts of Thr, N retentions were corrected for precaecal digestible Thr intake originating from the fibre sources according to the Thr effect on N retention as determined in experiment 1. Corrected N retentions were affected by fibre level (P = 0.007) and source (P < 0.001). Fibre associated Thr losses amounted to 3.3, 3.2, 1.2, and 1.1 g/kg fibre from wheat bran, rapeseed, cassava leaf, and cassava root peel, respectively.

It is concluded that Thr losses per gram of dietary fibre depend on the fibre source and that fibre concentration.

B Blank, E Schlecht, A Susenbeth. 2012. Effect of dietary fibre on nitrogen retention and fibre associated threonine losses in growing pigs. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 66(2): 86-101.

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