Two hundred and five isolates of Pasteurella multocida from pigs were phenotypically and genetically characterised by determining their biovar, capsular type, virulence-associated genes and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) profiles.
All isolates were identified as P multocida subspecies multocida and most were assigned to biovar 3 (58 per cent) and biovar 2 (39.5 per cent). Biovar 1 represented 2.4 per cent of the isolates. According to the capsular type, the great majority of the isolates (79.0 per cent) belonged to capsular type A, 18.5 per cent belonged to capsular type D and 2.4 per cent were of capsular type F. All isolates harboured ompH, psl, oma87, ptfA, nanB, nanH, tonB, hgbA, sodA and sodC genes, while none of them possessed the transferrin-binding protein gene tbpA. The prevalence of toxA, pfhaA and hgbB genes was variable (7.8, 40.5 and 60.5 per cent of the isolates, respectively). After PFGE typing, isolates of biovar 2 and 3 were grouped in two different clusters (A and B) at a level of 45 per cent similarity. In addition, isolates of biovar 2 and 3 exhibited statistically significant differences (P<0.05) in the virulence-associated hgbB and pfhA genes (biovar 3 was hgbB pfhA–, while biovar 2 was hgbB– pfhA ).
N. García, J. F. Fernández-Garayzábal, J. Goyache, L. Domínguez, and A. I. Vela. Associations between biovar and virulence factor genes in Pasteurella multocida isolates from pigs in Spain. Veterinary Record 2011;169:362.