The report was made within the 5th Steering Committee meeting of GF-TADs for Europe. In his report Yevgeny Nepoklonov emphasized the causes of FMD introduction to the RF territory and measures taken for the disease control. In particular, among the measures deemed critically important the CVO listed the establishment of FMD buffer zone within the border regions not only in the RF territory but also in China, Mongolia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, the need for joint study of FMD virus isolates responsible for outbreaks in this or that subjects, implementation of joint epidemic monitoring in border areas, and control of obligatory vaccination of animals with vaccines of appropriate quality developed for appropriate strains.
Recent studies revealed that the isolates recovered in the border areas of the Zabaikalsky Krai and Amur Oblast were similar to the isolates recovered in China and the isolates recovered in the Krasnodar Krai, Republics of Karachayevo-Cherkessia and Kabardino-Balkaria, in their turn, were closely related to type A isolates reported in Turkey in 2013 (the OIE Reference Laboratory in Pirbright confirmed 99.2% relatedness).
Notification of the disease outbreaks and provision of information to competent international authorities are also necessary for other countries to timely respond and take preventive measures. For example, only Russia and Turkey officially notified the OIE on FMD outbreaks recorded in the European region for the last 1.5 years. Though as for Russian outbreaks, they were reported only in the bordering areas while no outbreaks had been reported outside of the buffer zone since 2000.
Friday October 11, 2013/ Rosselkhoznadzor/ Russia.