Antimicrobial consumption in Danish animals has continued to decrease in 2015, mainly due to a reduction in pigs. By contrast, serious outbreaks of disease among broilers and mink have resulted in an increased use of antimicrobials in these animals. These are some of the findings in the annual DANMAP report from Statens Serum Institut as well as the National Veterinary Institute and the National Food Institute, which are both departments under the Technical University of Denmark. This year’s report is the 20th anniversary edition of DANMAP.
The total antimicrobial consumption in Denmark – when measured in kilos – in production and companion animals was 5% lower in 2015 than the previous year. The fall in consumption is mainly due to a 5% reduction in usage in the pig production sector, which constitutes about 86% of meat production in Denmark. These figures should be seen in light of the fact that Danish farmers have produced more pigs in 2015 than the year before.
Lower consumption in pig production
Antimicrobial consumption in pigs - when measured in doses and adjusted for the number of pigs produced per year - was 22% lower in 2015 than in 2009, when consumption was at its peak following Denmark’s ban on the use of antimicrobial growth promoters. This decrease in consumption is primarily due to a reduction in the use of the type of antimicrobials called tetracyclines, which has been reduced by 9% since 2014 and by 24% since 2009.
The development in the consumption of colistins is worrying
Contrary to the general fall in antimicrobial use in pigs, the use of colistins has doubled from 409 kilos in 2009 to 825 kilos in 2015 - mainly because of an increased use in weaners.
”The increase in consumption of colistins among animals is not desirable, because this type of antimicrobial is used to treat serious bacterial infections in people, where other antimicrobials are ineffective,” Head of Division Flemming Bager from the National Food Institute says.
Tuesday November 15, 2016/ DANMAP/ Denmark.