In 2013, the total antibiotics sales volume reached 699 tonnes: the lowest level since the start of the monitoring. Compared to 1999, the sales of antibiotics dropped by almost 46.7%. This fall is mainly due to two antibiotic families: tetracyclines and sulfonamides, and to a drop in the oral antibiotics. In comparison with the data gathered in 2012, the sales of antibiotics diminished by 10.6%. For the whole of the species, the total exposure in 2013 fell by 7.3% with respect to 2012, and by 15.7% in the last 5 years. Between 2012 and 2013, the exposure to antibiotics fell by 6.6% in cattle, by 5.4% in fowl, by 4% in pigs and by 1.7% in pets. Nevertheless, it grew by 3.6% in rabbits.
In terms of the active ingredient weight, the tonnage of antibiotics for pigs sold in 2013 is the lowest since 1999. The estimated tonnage in 2013 fell by 59.8% with respect to 1999, and by 45.9% when compared to 2009. In terms ot total weight treated, in 2013 the figures dropped by 32.7% with respect to 1999, by 31.9% when compared to 2009 and by 5.7% as compared with 2012.
Bearing in mind the variation in the mass of pigs potentially treated with antibiotics, the exposure of swine to antibiotics fell by 27.7% in the last 5 years, and between 2012 and 2013 it has dropped by 4%.
After a high increase beteween 1999 and 2007, the exposure to last-generation cephalosporins came to a standstill between 2007 and 2010. It dropped by 65.6% between 2010 and 2013 due to the restraint in the use of ceftiofur and cefquinome in the pig industry. The exposure to fluoroquinolones fell by 26.4% in the last 5 years, but it increased by 1.6% between 2012 and 2013.
Thursday, 4 November 2014/ ANSES/ France.