Animal diseases impact livestock production through direct costs (deaths, morbidity, reduction in productivity) and indirect costs (prevention and control measures). Economic rationale and economic drivers and incentives play an important role in decision-making process on the implementation of animal health programmes and interventions. Often, economic analysis for animal diseases are not always available and rarely conducted in developing countries.
In order to fill this gaps, FAO has developed and published guidelines on how to address economic questions and conduct economic analysis for animal diseases. These economic guidelines prepared by FAO will make a contribution to better understand the importance of economic analysis and drivers when assessing the impact of a particular animal disease in livestock production, trade, market access, food security and livelihoods of rural communities, or when designing or implementing animal health strategies at national, regional or global level. Also these guidelines aim to contribute to improve communication between animal health experts, veterinarians and economists working from governments or asked to conduct such analysis. These guidelines also will facilitate the implementation of adequate animal health economics training programs on how to develop and conduct economic analysis of animal diseases in developing countries.
Wednesday April 27, 2016/ FAO.