Agriculture accounts for slightly more than 10% of total EU - 28 GHG emissions. According to the CAPRI projection, total non-CO2 (CH4 and N2O) GHG emissions from agriculture are expected to decrease by 2030 ( - 1.5 % to 433 million t CO2 equivalent ) compared to the reference year 2008.
In 2030, livestock will continue to be responsible for 99% of all methane (CH4) emissions from agriculture, the biggest share (85%) coming from ruminants digestion. The main sources of nitrous oxide emissions (N2O) are related to crop and grassland production, mainly inorganic (mineral) fertiliser application, crop residues and cultivation of organic soils (e.g. histosols). These will account in 2030 for 51% of N2O emissions. The remainder is associated with manure housing and storage 11%, manure on grazing land 12%, manure fertilisation of fields 16% and indirect emissions 10%.
Overall, the livestock sector will contribute directly to 72% of the non-CO2 GHG emissions of agriculture in 2030, if emissions from manure on the field are allocated to the livestock sector. Crop and fodder areas generate the remaining 28% of non-CO2 GHG emissions and part of these emissions is linked to the production of animal feed.
Monday December 18, 2017/ DG Agriculture/ European Union.