Development of harmonised schemes for the monitoring and reporting of Trichinella in animals and foodstuffs in the European Union

In European Union Member States, most of the biomass of Trichinella parasites is circulating among wildlife and many human infections originate from the consumption of untested game meat. Annually, hundreds of millions of fattening pigs test negative for Trichinella in the European Union. The preliminary harmonised monitoring scheme proposed in this report relies on compartmentalisation to identify regions and categories of animals at lower risk of Trichinella infection in which reduced testing could be carried out.
Wednesday 13 January 2010 (8 years 6 months 4 days ago)
In European Union Member States, most of the biomass of Trichinella parasites is circulating among wildlife and many human infections originate from the consumption of untested game meat. Annually, hundreds of millions of fattening pigs test negative for Trichinella in the European Union. The preliminary harmonised monitoring scheme proposed in this report relies on compartmentalisation to identify regions and categories of animals at lower risk of Trichinella infection in which reduced testing could be carried out.

The scheme proposes the introduction of an additional monitoring region, a low risk region, that does not exist under current European Union Regulations. Member States or their regions are categorised into three region groups based on the degree of confidence that Trichinella can be considered absent in fattening pigs. Within these three regions certain animal populations are monitored with different intensity. Animal populations destined for human consumption and requiring continuous testing for Trichinella are: sows and boar, horses, hunted wild boar and other susceptible wildlife for human consumption. Reduced testing would apply to fattening
pigs, from low risk or negligible regions. In the proposed scheme, monitoring of wildlife not intended for human consumption would be carried out in regions with negligible risk. The detection method of choice for all animal species is the artificial digest method but the necessity of its use in combination with quality controls is highlighted.

http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/scdocs/doc/035e.pdf

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