Currently there are over 2,000 private farms in Belarus. In total, since 1991, the country established more than 6,000 such farms of which 4,000 have gone out of business since then. The share of private farms in total production of major agricultural products remains low, less than 2.0 percent. They produce 0.2 percent of the country’s total milk, 0.5 percent of meat, 1.3 percent of grains, 1.6 percent of potatoes, and 5.6 percent of vegetable production. Currently, the main specialization of private farms is crop production. Forty percent of them produce grain, 31 percent cultivate vegetables, mostly potatoes, and 5 percent of them grow fruit. Among the heads of farms, 36 percent have higher education, 43 percent have secondary specialized education, 19.4 percent have secondary education and 1.6 percent did not complete secondary education.
The Ministry is supportive of increasing cooperation among farmers and encourages creation of a national organization of private farmers to better address their problems. The Ministry recommended farmers to develop the organization’s charter and to prepare all the necessary documents for it.