In exhaust air from the source population, PRRSV and M hyo were detected in 21 of 21 and 8 of 21 air samples, respectively. Five of 114 (4.4%) long-distance air samples were positive for PRRSV and 6 of 114 (5.2%) were positive for M hyo. The 5 PRRSV-positive samples were collected at 2.3, 4.6, 6.6 and 9.1km from the herd. All contained infectious virus and were >99.2% homologous to PRRSV 1-8-4. No evidence of PRRSV 1-18-2 or 1-26-2 was detected in long-distance samples. All 6 M hyo-positive samples were 99.9% homologous to M hyo 232 and 3 samples (collected at 3.5, 6.8 and 9.2km from the herd) were infectious. These results indicate that airborne transport of PRRSV 1-8-4 and M hyo 232 occurs over longer distances than previously reported and that both pathogens remained infectious.
Otake S, Dee S, Corzo C, Oliveira S, Deen J. Long-distance airborne transport of infectious PRRSV and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae from a swine population infected with multiple viral variants. Vet Microbiol. 2010 Mar 31. [Epub ahead of print].