Seminal plasma (SP), the fluid that surrounds the sperm cells, is known to exert substantial influence on sperm physiology. The SP has a pivotal role in sperm function in vivo, and due to its components, it functions in an ambiguous manner in vitro, simultaneously possessing deleterious and beneficial effects. This experiment aimed to describe the differences between the presence or absence of SP from the sperm-rich fraction on some spermatozoa characteristics (kinetics, plasma and acrosome membrane integrity, lipid peroxidation and capacitation-like changes). Furthermore, this experiment focused on distinguishing the effects of SP on the variables evaluated from the effects of centrifugation during SP removal.
Total and progressive sperm motility, as well as integrity of plasma and acrosome membranes, were less in the absence of SP. Membrane lipid peroxidation and sperm membrane stability did not differ among treatments. The SP from the sperm-rich fraction is important for the maintenance of adequate structural and functional characteristics of extended liquid boar semen and should be present in seminal doses throughout storage. Furthermore, the detrimental effect on the variables evaluated was caused solely by the absence of SP and not by the process of removal through centrifugation at 500 x g for 10 min.
D.F.Leal, M.A.Torres, G.M.Ravagnani, S.M.M.K.Martins, F.V.Meirelles, A.F.C.de Andrade. Absence of seminal plasma from sperm-rich fraction decreases boar sperm quality characteristics during the course of liquid storage. Animal Reproduction Science. Volume 198, November 2018, Pages 20-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anireprosci.2018.08.029