In particular, the study will examine antimicrobial use and stewardship practices on swine nursery and grower-finisher facilities with a capacity of at least 1,000 head.
The USDA Antimicrobial Resistance Action Plan, released in 2015, recommended that USDA agencies perform enhanced monitoring of antimicrobial use in food-producing animals. In addition, beginning on January 1, 2017, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) initiated policy changes regarding the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals.
These changes include:
- Eliminating the use of medically important antimicrobials for growth promotion purposes in foodproducing animals, and
- Requiring veterinary oversight for use of medically important antimicrobials in animal feed or water.
The NAHMS Antimicrobial Use on U.S. Swine Operations, 2017 study will gather information on antimicrobial-use practices in 2016, before implementation of FDA policy changes. Specific objectives of the study follow:
- Describe antimicrobial-use practices in feed and water on production sites with a capacity of at least 1,000 weaned market pigs.
- Estimate the percentage of production sites using and the percentage of weaned market pigs receiving specific antimicrobials in feed and/or water by reasons for use.
- Provide baseline data on antimicrobial-use practices in place before implementation of FDA policy changes. This baseline can be used for evaluating trends over time.
- Describe antimicrobial stewardship practices on production sites with weaned market pigs.
April 2017/ APHIS-USDA/ United States.