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European Union: The number of agricultural holdings in the EU27 fell by 20% between 2003 and 2010

In 2010 there were just over 12 million agricultural holdings and an utilised agricultural area (UAA) of 170 million hectares in the EU27.

Tuesday 18 October 2011 (6 years 10 months 2 days ago)
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In 2010 there were just over 12 million agricultural holdings and an utilised agricultural area (UAA) of 170 million hectares in the EU27. Compared with 2003, the number of holdings decreased by 20% and the utilised agricultural area by 2%, showing a tendency towards larger holdings. The average size of a holding was 14 hectares in the EU27 in 2010, compared with 12 ha per holding in 2003.

Romania (3.9 million holdings or 32.0% of the EU27 total) had the largest number of holdings in the EU27 in 2010, followed by Italy (1.6 million, 13.5%), Poland (1.5 million, 12.5%), Spain (1.0 million in 2009, 8.2%), Greece (0.7 million, 5.9%), Hungary (0.6 million, 4.8%) and France (0.5 million, 4.3%). These seven Member States accounted for more than 80% of the number of agricultural holdings in the EU27 in 2010.

The number of agricultural holdings decreased between 2003 and 2010 in all Member States, except Malta and Sweden. The largest decreases were observed in Estonia (-46.6%), Bulgaria (-44.2%), Latvia (-34.4%) and Poland (-30.7%).

Considering the utilised agricultural area, France (27.1 million ha or 15.9% of the total UAA of the EU27) had the largest area, followed by Spain (23.8 million ha in 2009, 14.0%), Germany (16.7 million ha, 9.8%), the United Kingdom (15.9 million ha, 9.4%), Poland (14.4 million ha, 8.5%), Romania (13.3 million ha, 7.8%) and Italy (12.9 million ha, 7.6%). These seven Member States accounted for almost three quarters of the utilised agricultural area in the EU27 in 2010.
The utilised agricultural area decreased in eighteen Member States between 2003 and 2010 and increased in nine. Cyprus (-24.3%), Slovakia (-9.4% between 2003 and 2007) and Austria (-8.0%) recorded the largest decreases, and Bulgaria (+24.7%), Latvia (+19.9%) and Estonia (+18.0%) the highest increases.

In 2010, the largest holdings on average were found in the Czech Republic (152 hectares per holding), the United Kingdom (79 ha), Denmark (65 ha), Luxembourg (59 ha), Germany (56 ha) and France (53 ha), and the smallest in Malta (1 ha), Cyprus and Romania (both 3 ha), Greece and Slovenia (both 6 ha).


October, 2011/ Eurostat/ European Union.
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu

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