Under the FAO/OIE Global Framework for the Progressive Control of Transboundary Animal Diseases, an expert panel on Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) Socioeconomic impact was organized in April 2015 by FAO and OIE to explore approaches and the development of the first guidelines for FMD socioeconomic impact assessment.
This is the first time an FMD socioeconomic panel discussed the available methods and tools available for conducting FMD socioeconomic analyses required to support investments and provide evidence of FMD impacts in different production systems.
A PCP was developed by OIE/FAO in order to provide a stepwise sustainable approach towards the control and eradication of FMD for each FMD endemic country. The PCP begins at the lowest level of control (Stage 0), ends when a country is officially recognized free of FMD without vaccination (Stage 5). The lower stages of the PCP deal with reducing incidence of outbreaks whereas the highest stages correspond to the eradication of the disease. FAO/OIE/World Bank estimated that the cost of the FMD Global strategy for the first five year aimed at moving 79 FMD endemic countries from Stage 0 to Stage 2 and vaccination would be $694 million –not including costs related to the livestock population of India and China which would increase the total cost to $820 million.
Under the FAO/OIE FMD Global Strategy, endemic FMD countries moving from Stage 1 to Stage 2 should provide evidence of the FMD socioeconomic impacts, the magnitude of all losses and the stakeholders mostly affected. In PCP Stage 1, countries should identify and measure the impact of the direct losses attributable FMD outbreaks in the main husbandry systems including losses due to .decreased production, lost draught power and increased mortality. In the higher stages of PCP-FMD pathway, the objective of the economic analysis may shift from assessing the impact of FMD toward measuring the cost/benefit analysis of FMD interventions including surveillance, vaccination and zoning. Cost/benefit analyses for FMD control could be undertaken to convince policy-makers to develop specific focused policies and investment to implement FMD control and eradication programs.
Friday May 15, 2015/ FAO.