The Ministry of Agriculture (MAPA) has begun to implement the Strategic Plan for the Eradication of Classical Swine Fever in Brazil (CSF) which aims to eradicate the disease in the 11 still affected states: Alagoas, Amapá, Amazonas (part of the state is in the CSF-free zone), Ceará, Maranhão, Pará, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Piaui, Rio Grande do Norte and Roraima.
The region where the plan is to be implemented represents approximately 50% of the Brazilian territory, where about 18% of the national pig census is located, distributed among more than 300,000 rural farms of which most are small, family productions.
The eradication plan calls for the implementation of 36 measures with the first steps aimed at increasing surveillance in 11 area states that are not yet free of CSF. The states will draw up plans and MAPA will follow up and make adjustments if necessary.
According to the director of the Department of Animal Health (DSA), Geraldo Moraes, for the strategic plan to be successful, there is a need to prioritize and effectively involve the public and private sectors, with clear definitions of commitments, roles, and responsibilities in monitoring and evaluating its execution.
Status of CSF
Since October of 2018, there have been 67 outbreaks of the disease in the affected zone in the states of Ceará (49), Piauí (16) and Alagoas (2). A total of R$1,116,914 will be paid to compensate the 671 pig producers and cover the cost of containing the outbreaks. A total of 7,434 animals have been slaughtered and 2,906 properties have been investigated. The total census of this area is approximately 5 million animals.
The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) has divided Brazil into two CSF-free zones and one affected zone. The first free zone was recognized by the OIE in 2015, and includes the states of Rio Grande do Sul and Santa Catarina. The second recognition of CSF-free states took place in 2016, involving the states of Acre, Bahia, Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Rio de Janeiro, Rondonia, Sao Paulo, Sergipe, Tocantins and the municipalities of Guajará, Boca do Acre, south of the municipality of Canutama and southwest of the municipality of Labrea, belonging to the state of Amazonas.
Thursday, October 31, 2019/ MAPA/ Brasil.