The aim of this study was to develop an epidemiological and economic model to determine the costs of PRRS for an individual pig farm.
Here we analyzed the molecular variations and antigenic differences among the C-strain-based commercial vaccines of different origins from different manufacturers in China, and reevaluated the vaccines against the emerging subgenotype 2.1d strain of CSFV.
The batch and the interaction between treatment and batch had highly significant influences on tail losses at the end of rearing.
Epidemiological investigations were conducted on a case series of six Senecavirus A (SVA)-affected breeding herds in the United States. Multiple potential routes of introduction were identified.
These findings demonstrate that diagnosis of M. hyosynoviae-associated arthritis can be influenced by the clinical isolate, and provides a study platform to investigate the colonization and virulence potential of field isolates.
The reduction in infectious agents in the air by the EPI technology could potentially decrease the microbial exposure for pigs.
Reducing the use of antimicrobials in food-producing animals may be achieved through more widespread use of RLP. Regional intravenous limb perfusion of an antimicrobial to treat lameness is feasible in swine.