Influenza is a costly disease for pig producers and understanding its epidemiology is critical to control it.
Provision of environmental enrichment and herbal compounds may reduce stress in current commercial pig husbandry systems.
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of vaccination against PCV2 in a sub-clinically infected, high-health finishing herd in terms of viral load in serum, feed conversion ratio and antimicrobial treatments.
Tail docking using either clippers or cautery results in neuroma formation, thus having the potential to affect long-term pig welfare.
The effect of week after weaning had highly significant influences on tail lesions.
In practice, delaying pigs from the normal production flow translates into higher feeding costs, increase number of days to slaughter and increased labour requirements reducing production efficiency for the pig operation.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a subclinical inflammation on the pubertal development of boars and hence on fat androstenone.