Vesicular exanthema is clinically indistinguishable from Foot-and-mouth disease and therefore is of great importance.
Swine vesicular exanthema virus is different from those that cause Foot-and-mouth disease and swine vesicular disease, but produces a disease clinically indistinguishable from these two diseases. Unlike from foot and mouth disease, vesicular exanthema affects pigs only.
- Low mortality; some deaths can be seen in nursing piglets.
- Loss of appetite.
- Blisters around mouth, nose, tongue and feet.
- The growing pigs can become weak.
Causes / Contributing Factors
- Feeding pigs with uncooked swill.
- It is the same as for suspected FMD and for swine vesicular disease and requires laboratory tests for its identification.
- Because it cannot be clinically distinguished from FMD, relevant authorities should be contacted immediately.