Salt poisoning is common, it is related with the unavailability of water, and it affects the central nervous system.
Alternative names: Water deprivation
Salt poisoning is common in pigs of all ages and it is related to the unavailability of water; normal levels of salt in the diet (0.4-0.5%) become toxic in the absence of water.
Verify that every drinker and water distribution system is working properly, is not obstructed, and water is available, should be done on a daily basis.
- Initial stages of the disease are preceded by loss of appetite. When a pig or groups of pigs do not eat, we must first check water sources. Symptoms appear in 3 to 4 days.
- The first symptoms are often pigs trying to drink water from water nipples unsuccessfully.
- Animals show nervous symptoms and in more advanced cases it may include attacks, animals walking aimlessly and appear to be blind, with tremors and lack of coordination.
- Pig walks upto a wall, stops next to it and presses its heads against it.
- A very typical sign of salt intoxication is the dog sitting position and shaking of the nose just before the seizures start.
- Mortality is often high.
Causes / Contributing Factors
- Lack of water / deprivation.
- Excess salt in the diet.
- It is based on clinical signs and lack of water. Histological examination of the brain at autopsy confirms the disease.
- Treatment is not very effective but attempts can be made to rehydrate the animal try to give water droplets, very slowly into the pig's mouth using a hose.
- Corticosteroids may help.
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