The £12.6m will be invested over four and half years in a series of projects that aim to strengthen our understanding of emissions produced on farms. For example, it may show that applying fertiliser to certain crops at different times may reduce nitrous oxide emissions. Or that some livestock breeds produce less methane than others under different farming systems. Knowing when and where actions make the most difference will improve the positive actions that farmers are already taking.
Sixteen research organisations from across England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland will contribute to the project, managed by Defra.