Week of 25-Aug-2017

What is the cause of the liver lesion in this heavily pregnant sow found dead?



Correct answer

At post mortem examination, with the carcass still warm, there was blood stained fluid in the abdomen and the liver was in advanced decomposition with aeriation (aero chocolate liver). There was a pungent decomposing smell emanating from the abdomen

The condition is due to toxins produced by Cl novyi which is present in the small intestine and ascends the bile duct. There was mild small intestinal inflamation in this animal

The disease is a common if sporadic cause of death in adult sows especially in late gestation in good condition. The disease tends to occur more frequently in warm weather. It can also be seen in finishing pigs close to slaughter especially those fed wet co-products

It can be confirmed by FAT or PCR testing of the liver.

Similar liver changes can be seen at post mortem examination if the animal has been dead for more than 12-18 hours as part ofthe normal decomposition process. The condition should therefore only be diagnosed on the freshest of carcasses.

If necessary a multivalent Clostridial vaccine can be used but attention to feeding hygiene, avoiding excessive sow condition and good control of environmental temperatures can all reduce the risk.

Week of 17-May-2018

A batch of finishing pigs is presented to the slaughterhouse with skin lesions around the perineal area and lower body parts. What is the cause of this lesion?

Week of 10-May-2018

A heavily pregant sow is found in the pen with blood in the vulva. What is the cause of it?

Week of 03-May-2018

A first parity sow is weaned and is lame in the hindleg. There is poor response to treatment with antibiotics and NSAIDS. Separation of the head of the femur has occurred through the growth plate at post-motem. What is the cause of this condition?

Week of 27-Apr-2018

Pigs around 15 weeks old develop purple patches over the hindquarters extending to all over the body. Mortality is high. What is the cause of this lesion?

Week of 20-Apr-2018

These piglets died within 24 hours after injecting dextran iron in the leg at 2 days old. What is the cause of this condition?

Week of 13-Apr-2018

The weaner pig on the left is pale when compared with a normal weaner on the right. These pale pigs are slow growing. What is the cause of the problem in this case?

Week of 06-Apr-2018

These piglets are stunt with distended abdomens. The perineal area in these pigs is abnormal at inspection. What is the cause of this condition?

Week of 29-Mar-2018

This pregnant sow is constantly biting the bar above the feeder. What is the most likely cause of this condition?

Week of 22-Mar-2018

This sow has large brown scales on the skin over the back. What is the cause of this condition?