Week of 19-May-2017

A dry white deposit is evident on the mucosal surface of the vulva of a sow served 25 days previously. What is it and what is its significance?

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The deposit is precipitated calcium carbonate or chalk which is derived from the urine. Calcium deposits in the bladder of sows are common particulaly in areas with high calcium salt content in water supplies (hard water) and periodically will be flushed out during urination and deposit on the vulval lips as a dry powder. In itself it is of no pathological significance and is not associated with pregnancy failure; if excessive buildup occurs in the bladder this can cause inflammation and act as a trigger for cystitis or even ascending pyelonephritis particularly in sows that are confined or generally inactive. Increasing water availability and encouraging more frequent urination will improve flushing and reduce such build up. In extremes water filtration/sedimentation systems may be needed.

It can be confused with a drying purulent vulval discharge arising from bacterial infection of the vagina, cervix or uterus but in such cases there is likely to be loss of pregnacy and return to service.

Flow back of semen is common post service but would not be evident beyond 48h post mating/insemination.

Week of 26-May-2017

In this confinement stall the slat level is below the passageway and the rear door is tight to the floor. Which of the following comments is true

Week of 12-May-2017

There is an increase in pigs with a swollen mass behind the rear legs, below the anus. It is most frequently located on the side. What is the most likely cause of this lesion?

Week of 28-Apr-2017

What caused the sudden death of this 8 week old weaner?

Week of 13-Apr-2017

What does this person do?

Week of 07-Apr-2017

Mesenteric lymph nodes enlargement are more likely consistent with:

Week of 31-Mar-2017

Why the faeces must be removed during the pre-farrowing period?

Week of 24-Mar-2017

In which production phase is this finding more frequently observed?

Week of 17-Mar-2017

What is the aetiological cause of this lesion?

Week of 10-Mar-2017

How is the texture of these organs?