Week of 01-Sep-2017
Which infectious disease is the most likely cause of the haemorrhages visible on the serosal surfaces of this growing pig which was found dead?
Haemorrhagic lesions within a carcass should always raise suspicion of Classical or African Swine Fever (which are pathologically indistinguishable) as would multiple sudden deaths. As well as occuring on serosal surfaces, haemorrhagic lesions are seen in lymphatic tissue —especially the spleen, lymph nodes and tonsils— and parenchymatous tissues. Skin lesions suggestive of septicaemia may also be evident. In more chronic cases button ulcers may be present in the mucosa of the large intestine following a period of high fever prior to death. Reproductive failure in the form of abortion can occur as well as nervous,enteric and respiratory disease in any age pig.
The clinical and epidemiological picture can be useful to differentiate PDNS the pathology of which can suggest haemorrhagic disease. Illness affecting a wide age range of animals would suggest ASF/CSF. If there is any doubt ASF/CSF suspicion should be notified and investigated.
African Swine Fever —against which there is no vaccine— has become widespread in eastern Europe following its initial incursion via Georgia in 2007 and subsequent spread through Russia. It now represents a very real threat to all European pig populations especially where biosecurity lapses occur and wild boar populations are prevalent.
Week of 23-Feb-2018
Sudden death in 6 – 8 weeks old weaner pigs. Carcasses are pale. There is haemorrhagic abdominal fluid with clotted blood strands and hepatic rupture. Excess of fluid in the thorax. Heart and muscles are pale. What is the most likely cause?
Week of 16-Feb-2018
This pig had a good body condition, was anaemic and died suddenly. The intestinal content is dark black. What is the most likely cause?
Week of 09-Feb-2018
This sow has reddening of skin and considerable pain. What is the most likely cause of this lesion?
Week of 02-Feb-2018
This pig had a good body condition, was anaemic and died suddenly. The stomach had a dark black content inside.
Week of 26-Jan-2018
Necrotic lesions in the feet of a weaner pig. What is the most likely cause of this lesion?
Week of 19-Jan-2018
Some pigs have swollen ears and walk with their heads tilted to one side. What is the most likely cause of this lesion?
Week of 12-Jan-2018
There is scour, ill thrift and high mortality during the first 4 weeks post-weaning. All post-mortemed pigs had the same gross lesions, as the one seen in the picture. What is the most likely cause of this lesion?
Week of 05-Jan-2018
Small intestine opened during a routine check in the slaughterhouse: what can we see?