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Selenium and vitamin E affects antioxidant status and reproductive performance in sows

Organic Se supplementation in sow diets may improve antioxidant capacity and reproductive performance.

Thursday 6 July 2017 (2 months 20 days ago)
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Antioxidant defence system against oxidative stress is extremely important in animal reproduction. Animal antioxidant status may be improved by dietary supplementation of antioxidants, including vitamin E and antioxidant enzyme co-factors, such as selenium (Se). This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of 2 dietary sources of Se and 2 vitamin E levels during gestation and lactation on antioxidant status and reproductive performance in multiparous sows. Design was a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement with sodium selenite or Se-enriched yeast at 0.30 mg Se/kg diet each as the Se sources and vitamin E at 30 or 90 IU/kg. A total of 234 multiparous sows were bred and allotted to 1 of 4 dietary treatment according to parity and body condition, and then maintained on feed until 21-d postpartum. From 6 sows per treatment, serum samples were collected at d 30, 60 and 90 of gestation (G30, G60 and G90) and d 11 of lactation (L11) for the analysis of Se level and antioxidant status. Total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione (GSH) content and malondialdehyde (MDA) were analysed. Colostrum and milk (11-d) were collected for the analysis of Se, antioxidant status and milk composition.

Sows fed organic Se trended to produce more live pigs, had greater litter birth weight and showed a trend for increased number of weaned pigs compared to sows fed inorganic Se. Serum T-AOC (G60 and L11), SOD activity (G60 and G90), GSH-Px activity (L11), GSH content (L11) and Se level (G30, G60, G90 and L11) increased, and MDA content (G30, G60, G90 and L11) decreased when sows were fed organic Se. The activities of T-AOC (11-d milk), SOD (colostrum), GSH-Px (colostrum and 11-d milk), GSH content (11-d milk), and Se level (colostrum) were greater and MDA content (11-d milk) was lower when sows were fed organic Se. Total solids, solids-not-fat, protein, and lactose levels were greater in 11-d milk, but similar in colostrum, when sows were fed organic Se. The α-tocopherol level in serum at 30 d, 60 d, 90 d of gestation and 11 d of lactation trend to be were increased when sows were fed elevated vitamin E diets. Similarly, in colostrum and milk were also increased.

In conclusion, sow fed organic Se had improved the antioxidant capacity in serum and milk, the milk composition, and the number of pigs weaned compared with sow fed inorganic Se. However, antioxidant status and reproductive performance were not improved when vitamin E was added at 90 vs. 30 IU/kg, and no Se source x vitamin E level interaction was detected. Organic Se or elevated vitamin E in sow diet did not affect major parameter of sow reproduction.

Chen, J., Han, J. H., Guan, W. T., Chen, F., Wang, C. X., Zhang, Y. Z., Lv, L.T. and Lin, G. (2016). Selenium and vitamin E in sow diets: I. Effect on antioxidant status and reproductive performance in multiparous sows. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 221, 111-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2016.08.022

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