Intranasal and intratracheal inoculation routes as well as aerosolization with foggers are discussed.
Key considerations for the design of biosecure and practical pig loading chutes that will minimize disease transmission during the animal movement process.
A newly produced PCR-based test can help assigning all known App serotypes, which can be used to select the most appropriate vaccine.
Why is there no effective commercial vaccine against Streptococcus suis?
Depending on the virulence of the strain and the route of exposure, the disease may have four different presentations and early detection can be a challenge due to the lack of specific clinical signs.
The European regulations state that before docking tails other measures that prevent tail-biting must be implemented, and therefore a thorough risk analysis must be carried out on each farm.
We highlight different options for segregation of clean/dirty zones at the personnel entrance into the farm. This is where biosecurity starts. Keeping it simple and easy to follow increases the likelihood of an effective protocol.
Traditional gilt exposure to seeder animals is being substituted by intratracheal inoculation and aerosol exposure.